Remote oil and gas monitoring has been used in oil fields for decades already but has always been a hot topic. Preferably monitoring should cover the whole oil field from the well all the way to the treatment installation. It should let the operators perfect production and lessen costs. The increasing isolation of oil fields and ever strict environmental regulations makes increasing demands on monitoring method.
The West and East have approached the evolution of remote monitoring use in oil fields in its own way. In Western countries, oil and gas manufacturers are usually privately-owned and each of them has its own technique about operational environment development. In the East, most oil companies are government-owned and have a long-term protocol and operating representations, which means that the institution of newer technology is slower, but in a way more across the board than in the West.
It is false that no contemporary technology is used in FSU oil fields nowadays. the truth is, most oil fields in the FSU areas already have some monitoring systems, but the issue is that these systems do not liaise with each other and work as a single unit. For oil field observing service providers, FSU countries give an agreeable market as there is blooming demand for complete monitoring systems and production boost.
OIL FIELD STRUCTURE AND MONITORING POINTS
A working oil field has some points that some monitoring. In order to have a better overview of the oil fields and their monitoring points it is effective to divide the fields into three parts as follows:
Confide in the production strategies used the type of data measured differs a lot. Self-flowing wells need only minor observation, but as soon as the well is managed with artificial lift the devices used needs to be observed and maintained. The most widely used artificial lift methods are Rod Lift, Gas lift, ESP, Jet Pump and Plunger Lift. In rare cases, the reservoir characteristics are also measured with downhole observation.
- Pipeline network
Each well is linked to a collector with a pipeline. A remote well normally has some kilometers of pipeline that is linked to the crude oil treatment facility.
- Crude oil treatment facility
Includes separation, heating, dehydration, stabilization, storage, metering and pumping. The collector gathers the production from the wells and separates the oil, gas and water. Each oil field usually has several crude oil treatment facilities.
MONITORING THE ENTIRE OIL FIELD
From a monitoring service supplier point of view, the best strategy is a simple one: the operator needs a system for remote observation of the whole oil field from the wellhead all the way up to the crude oil treatment facility. They also need aid in developing their maintenance protocols and in expanding well production.
With the assistance of a complete overall picture of the entire field, the operator has a clearer knowledge of the many problems and issues faced. This guides the operator to develop the oil fields in order to achieve higher and more seamless production levels, as well as making the well’s production life cycle longer.
OVERCOMING CHALLENGES FACED BY PRODUCERS
Oil and gas producers always want to produce more at minimal operating cost levels. For them to achieve this goal they require to overcome many obstacles. Today, oil is produced in more remotely located oil fields before and environmental requirements are much more needed than ever.
The obstacles faced by producers contains heavy oil that needs heating, paraffin issues that needs a chemical injection, solid production problems and intense cold environments that hinders maintenance. HSE requirements stemming from isolated locations and possible H₂S issues should also not be underrated.
A well-designed monitoring system watches the production process for the field operator but also gives the management team with correct production reports in real-time. It should preserve service records and follow up strategies of planned maintenance plans.
With a real-time service history available, management can do a lot more cost-effective planning as the maintenance plan and chemical injection amounts are expanded for each well separately. Having the best overall information available and knowing the process is key to create more with less downtime.
REMOTE GAS AND OIL MONITORING OUTLOOK
The outlook for remote gas and oil monitoring sounds bright. There is demand for centrally operated oil fields and the market is still at boom. The technology and customers are ready for a field-wide approach to remote monitoring. As suppliers, we need to make sure that we are all into it.